It can be difficult to navigate through the world of CBD without understanding the commonly used terms, especially for newbies. Here are a few of the terms we extensively use here at Xtracted CBD, and their meanings.
CBD – Cannabinoid is the magic ingredient in all our products. It is a phytocannabinoid derived from the cannabis plant. We can derive CBD from hemp or marijuana, which are broad classifications of the cannabis plant.
Endocannabinoid System (ECS) - This is a biological system of the larger central and peripheral nervous system. It is composed of receptors that are known to be involved in the regulation of several processes including memory, fertility, appetite, mood, and sensation to pain. CBD is known to interact with the receptor proteins of the endocannabinoid system, which produces the desirable effects of CBD.
Psychoactive – CBD products that contain more than 0.3% percent of THC is considered to be ‘psychoactive’ as it can alter your perception, behavior, and response to external stimuli. In layman terms, any ‘psychoactive CBD product’ can make you ‘high’.
Full-spectrum – Products that contain all the active compounds of the cannabis plant, including cannabinoids, essential oils, and terpenes.
Broad-spectrum – Products that contain all the active compounds of the cannabis plant MINUS THC. This is usually preferred because it delivers the “entourage effect” without the head or body high associated with THC.
CBD Isolate – This is the purest form of CBD, gotten by “isolating” CBD from all other compounds in the cannabis plant. It has zero additives and is more concentrated than the two other forms of CBD.
Bioavailability – This is basically a measure of the degree and rate at which a substance is absorbed by the circulatory system of the body. It usually varies based on the method of ingestion, the dosage used, and the production method of the drug or substance. The intravenous method (fluid administered directly into a vein using injections) gives a bioavailability percentage of 100% as the drug goes directly into the system, while the transdermal method (administered through the skin) has the lowest bioavailability rate of all delivery systems.
THC – THC, also known as Delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol is one of the cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. It is also regarded as the principal psychoactive ingredient in cannabis, responsible for the “high” feeling. It is important to avoid CBD products with over 0.3% of THC if you plan on using CBD during the day or at work.
Certificate of Analysis (COA) – This is a certification given to reputable CBD products after independent verification by a third-party lab. The lab tests the product extensively and verifies the accuracy of its contents and composition for each batch produced. It is important to ensure that the product you’re about to purchase has a valid COA.