There are a lot of different CBD products available, and understanding the difference between full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and isolate CBD products will help you choose the best CBD product for you!
There is no doubt at all if you have been searching for CBD products. You would have come across a broad spectrum, full-spectrum, and isolate choices. If you assumed that all these CBD products were the same, then you would be wrong. While all broad-spectrum, full-spectrum, and isolate CBD products contain CBD, they are all very different.
So, what is the difference between full-spectrum CBD, broad-spectrum CBD, and CBD isolate?
Basically, the different terms describe what type of CBD is used in the product. The difference can affect how the CBD reacts with your body and what type of effect you get. Each of the different types of CBD has its own pros and cons.
To help you make an educated choice about which CBD product is best for you, we’ll go through and breakdown the differences between full-spectrum CBD, broad-spectrum CBD, and CBD isolate. We’ll also talk about the pros and cons of each type of CBD.
Before we cover the different types of CBD products, let’s check out what cannabinoids are and why they are so important to our health and wellness.
What Are Cannabinoids and Why Are They Important?
Both marijuana and hemp are part of the cannabis Sativa plant family. Both plants contain compounds known as cannabinoids. Two of the main cannabinoids are cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
Unlike THC, CBD has no psychoactive properties at all and won’t get you high.
Cannabinoids such as CBD and THC interact with the Endocannabinoid System (ECS). The ECS is located throughout the central nervous system and is made up of a series of receptors. Cannabinoids such as CBD interact with these receptors replacing the endocannabinoids which the body produces naturally.
What Determines the Difference Between Different CBD Products?
The cannabinoid spectrum range determines whether or not a product is a full spectrum, broad-spectrum, or CBD isolate.
To manufacture different CBD products, there are a variety of different extraction methods that are used to extract the CBD from the hemp or marijuana plant.
One popular method used is CO2 extraction. During this process, several other compounds are also removed from the plant along with the cannabinoids. Things like terpenes, flavonoids, and other natural plant compounds are removed along with the cannabinoids.
Depending on what type of plant is used, the extraction method used, and the composition of the plant, the finished profile of the product will vary. Companies will choose different strains or plants to extract the CBD from depending on what they want the final product to be.
It’s the content of the final product, which will ultimately determine what the product’s final classification will be. Either a full spectrum CBD, broad-spectrum CBD or CBD isolate.
What Is CBD Isolate, and What Are Its Pros and Cons?
Isolate is the purest form of a compound. CBD isolate is the purest form of CBD, with the CBD isolated from all other compounds in the plant. All the other compounds such as terpenes, flavonoids, cannabinoids, and other plant material.
Most CBD isolate products are made from the hemp plant because it already has an extremely low THC content.
CBD Isolate Pros:
- CBD isolate is the purest form of CBD.
- CBD isolate has no risk associated with psychoactive effects.
- CBD isolate is tasteless and odorless.
- CBD isolate has a very low risk of testing positive in any random drug tests.
CBD Isolate Cons:
- When you use CBD Isolate, you’re missing out on many of the other compounds such as flavonoids, terpenes, cannabinoids, and plant nutrients, which many people consider beneficial.
CBD isolates have a variety of different applications and are particularly suited to those people that are searching for high doses of CBD. CBD isolates are also great for people that don’t like THC or those living in states with strict laws surrounding THC. Isolates are also a great introductory product for those that are just looking to try CBD or other cannabinoid products for the first time.
What Is Full-Spectrum CBD, and What Are Its Pros and Cons?
Full-spectrum CBD products contain all the compounds which are found in the plant. These include cannabinoids, terpenes, essential oils, flavonoids, and other plant materials.
When all of these different compounds are combined together, they are believed to have a stronger and more beneficial effect. This is what is known as the entourage effect. Several different studies have been conducted into the entourage effect and how it can be more beneficial than cannabinoids in their isolated forms.
Full Spectrum CBD Pros:
- It offers the full benefits of the entourage effect.
- Undergoes fewer processes during the manufacturing procedure.
Full Spectrum CBD Cons:
- Some full-spectrum CBD products include THC, which can have psychoactive properties and also affect drug tests.
- It has a stronger flavor and smell compared to CBD isolate products.
- Not always legal if there is THC present in the full spectrum CBD product.
Full-spectrum CBD products are better for those individuals that are looking to experience the full entourage effect of CBD. Full-spectrum CBD products can be stronger than CBD isolate and broad-spectrum CBD products and better suited to those looking for a stronger CBD product.
What Is Broad Spectrum CBD, and What Are Its Pros and Cons?
Broad-spectrum is a mix between CBD isolate and full-spectrum CBD products. Broad-spectrum CBD products contain all the terpenes, flavonoids, and essential oils like full-spectrum CBD products, but the THC has been stripped from the final product.
Like full-spectrum CBD products, you’re getting all the benefits of the entourage effect because of the other cannabinoids without the risk of THC or psychoactive properties of THC.
Broad Spectrum CBD Pros:
- You’ll experience the full benefits of the entourage effect because of the presence of other cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and essential oils.
- No risk of psychoactive effects because the THC has been removed.
- Almost no risk of failing drug tests.
Broad Spectrum CBD Cons:
- Not as much research is available on broad-spectrum products.
- It could have a stronger taste or smell than CBD isolate products.